Your first contact is your booking irrespective of the age of your pregnancy.

Each of your visit we focus on
A doctor will do a physical examination specifically on your abdomen noting the lie, presentation, and position if possible. Some examinations may not be possible at early gestation. The doctor will also examine for a varicose vein on both the upper and lower limbs

HIV is usually diagnosed by testing your blood or a sample of cells taken with a swab from inside your cheek for the presence of antibodies to the virus. HIV tests vary in how soon they are able to detect infection. The time between when you get the virus and when it can be detected is called the window period

Pregnant woman living with HIV can pass on the virus to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth and through breastfeeding. If you are a woman living with HIV, taking antiretroviral treatment correctly during pregnancy and breastfeeding can virtually eliminate the risk of passing on the virus to your baby.

 

 

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test is a blood test for syphilis and related non-venereal treponematoses. The VDRL test is used to screen for syphilis

If you have syphilis and become pregnant, you can transmit the disease to your unborn child.

The bacteria that cause the illness can pass from you to your infant through the placenta. Your child is then said to have congenital syphilis. Fetuses infected with syphilis often die in the womb.

 

If recognized early, syphilis is easily treated with the appropriate antibiotics and you can go on to have a safe and happy pregnancy as long as you maintain your treatments and get regular care. In 2015, there were nearly 500 cases of congenital syphilis, transferred through vaginal birth/delivery.

 

The Rh factor is a type of protein that’s usually on blood cells. … Normally, being Rh-negative has no risks. But during pregnancy, being Rh-negative can be a problem if your baby is Rh-positive. If your blood and your baby’s blood mix, your body will start to make antibodies that can damage your baby’s red blood cells

During pregnancy, problems can occur if you’re Rh negative and the baby you’re carrying is Rh positive. Usually, your blood doesn’t mix with your baby’s blood during pregnancy. … If your next baby is Rh positive, these Rh antibodies can cross the placenta and damage the baby’s red blood cells

 

This is a test to check the types and numbers of cells in your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It is useful for determining the type of anaemia a person might have. A low MCV may indicate iron deficiency, anaemia of chronic disease, pregnancy, a haemoglobin disorder such as thalassaemia, anaemia due to blood cell destruction or bone marrow disorders.

Babies born to a mother with hepatitis B have a greater than 90% chance of developing chronic hepatitis B if they are not properly treated at birth. It is imperative for pregnant women to know their hepatitis B status in order to prevent passing the virus on to their newborn baby during delivery.

A urine test is used to assess bladder or kidney infections, diabetes, dehydration, and Preeclampsia by screening for high levels of sugars, proteins, ketones, and bacteria. High levels of sugars may suggest Gestational Diabetes, which may develop around the 20th week of pregnancy

Two of pregnancy’s more common complications are gestational diabetes and preeclampsia, both of which have markers that show up in your urine. That’s why at each and every prenatal visit, you’ll have to give your doctor a urine sample.

If you have risk factors, you also may be tested for the hepatitis C virus.
Mother to baby. Transmission of the hepatitis C virus from an infected mother to her unborn child is uncommon and only happens at the time of birth. … If a mother is also infected with HIV then the risk of passing on hepatitis C to the baby is higher. Hepatitis C has not been found to cause problems during pregnancy.

Packed cell volume (PCV) is also part of FBC
(Hemoglobin levels in the first and second half of pregnancy can predict preeclampsia and premature preterm rupture of membranes. Increased hematocrit levels in the second half of pregnancy or lack of reduction of hematocrit levels in the second half compared to the first half can estimate preeclampsia.
PCV less than 30% (or hemoglobin less than 10.0 g/ dL) is considered to be anemia in pregnancy.

You will be required to do urinalysis in every other visits
And any other blood test will be individualized
The midwife/nurse would always check the vital signs
The midwife and the doctor will examine the abdomen respectively

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